Do your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth? Are your gums sore or inflamed? Bleeding gums are a common sign or symptom of periodontal disease, better known as gum disease. Gum pain, sore gums, and gums bleeding may all be present in patients who have gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease.
Why Do My Gums Bleed?
It is not normal for gums to bleed when you brush or floss. There are a number of reasons why gums bleed. For some patients, bleeding gums is simply caused by aggressive brushing or flossing or using a toothbrush with too firm of bristles. While it is important to brush and floss daily, you should be careful not to abrade or cut the sensitive gum tissue and cause bleeding.
Bleeding gums during pregnancy are very common because of hormonal changes taking place in the body. Pregnant women should continue to brush and floss, but be cautious around sensitive gum tissue to prevent bleeding. It is important to maintain routine visits to the dentist during pregnancy to monitor gum health.
What is Gum Disease
Gum disease is caused by a build up of bacteria in the mouth. Estimated to affect 75% of Americans, gum disease is the leading cause of adult tooth loss. Routine visits to the dentist are extremely important to prevent gum disease and maintain healthy, long lasting teeth.
Bleeding Gums Treatment
Treatment for bleeding gums should always be handled by a dentist. Never attempt to self treat bleeding gums or use over the counter medications without the advisement of a dentist. Depending on your condition, there are a number of treatment options for bleeding gums.
If you have gingivitis, an early stage of periodontal disease, we will perform a through dental cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from exposed parts of the teeth and gums. Antibacterial rinses and other aids may be recommended to reduce inflammation and cure gingivitis.
If you periodontitis, an advanced form of gum disease, the dentist may need to provide more intensive treatment. Scaling and root planing are procedures that clean the deep pockets of the gums to remove bacteria and debris. In extreme cases, surgery may be necessary.